What are bunions?

Bunions are a deformity that affect the joint at the base of the big toe. As this joint moves out of its proper alignment, a bony protrusion under the skin on the inside of the foot develops.

A bunion starts small, but can grow over time. Bunions are common and can cause a lot of discomfort and pain, and are more common in women than men.

How do I know if I have a bunion?

The first sign of a bunion is a visible bump on the side of a big toe. The bump may be red, swollen, and tender to the touch.

In addition to the bump, you may experience pain, stiffness, or difficulty walking or bending the toe. The second sign of a bunion is experiencing pain while wearing shoes.

Shoes that are too tight or narrow may irritate the bunion, so if you are uncomfortable or in pain while wearing shoes, it could be a sign of a bunion. Another sign of a bunion is your big toe drifting towards your second toe.


What causes bunions?

The exact cause of bunions is not known, but there are a few factors that increase the chance of developing them. Genetics is the most common reason behind bunions, so if someone in your family has bunions, it is likely that you will develop them as well. Footwear plays a big role in the formation of bunions. Ill-fitting shoes, like shoes that are too tight or too high-heeled can put too much pressure on the toe joint, leading to bunions.

Footwear that is too loose, like flip flops, can also cause bunions by allowing the foot to roll inward. Bunions can also be caused by medical conditions such as arthritis. Arthritis can cause the joint to become inflamed and the bones to become misaligned.

How are bunions treated?

There are a variety of treatments for bunions that can help alleviate pain and improve the appearance of the foot. Non-surgical options are often recommended for mild cases, while more serious cases may require surgery. Non-surgical treatment may include properly fitting shoes or using orthotics or padding to reduce pressure on the affected area. Custom-made orthotics can help provide the right amount of support and cushioning. Physical therapy may be recommended to help strengthen the affected muscles and ligaments, which can reduce inflammation and improve range of motion.

For more serious cases of bunions, surgery may be the only option. Surgery for bunions is typically a last resort, and should only be considered after all other options have been unsuccessful. Surgery may be done to remove the bunion, realign the toe, or a combination of the two. With lifestyle changes and the right treatment plan, people with bunions can find relief and improve their quality of life.

Clients reviews

Dr. Salvatore Gaudino is a miracle worker.  I had problems walking for more than five years, NOT any more.  I went to countless Specialists… One of the luckiest days of my life is when I made an appointment with him!  He is truly amazing.  The great office staff is welcoming.  What a great experience.  Thank you ALL!

Joanne K.

The staff is great, attentive and paperwork is seamlessly handled. Dr Lee is superb, friendly and goes extra steps to resolve the issue whether it’s from foot discomfort or giving insight on products. Lisa is stellar, to the point and promptly processes the  necessary paperwork.

Kenny L.

Dr. Gaudino examined my son and explained to me exactly what he needed to correct his “turned feet”, as well as showing me some exercises to relieve the tension in his feet. He was so nice and caring towards my son, and really made him feel at ease. I would definitely recommend this practice to my friends and family!

Jessica D.

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