What causes hallux rigidus?
Hallux rigidus, along with other forms of degenerative arthritis, is caused by wear-and-tear of the joint over time. As we age, the cartilage between joints wears down, resulting in friction and inflammation. This can lead to pain and stiffness in the joint. Overuse can also contribute to the development of hallux rigidus, particularly in individuals who have jobs or participate in hobbies that increase the stress on the big toe, like those who need to squat frequently.
Hallux rigidus can also be a consequence of an injury, even one as small as a stubbed toe. Overweight individuals are more likely to develop this condition because of the increased stress on the joints.